Wisteria (Wisteria floribunda)


Generality

Wisteria, which is also called with the scientific name of Wisteria, is part of the large Papilionaceae family: it is a climbing plant that comes from the Asian continent and, in particular, from countries such as Japan and China.

We are talking about a not particularly numerous genus, given that inside we find about a dozen typically climbing shrubs, which are also characterized by being rustic.

Among the main characteristics of Wisteria, we undoubtedly find the shape of the trunk, which twists in the lower part and then adapts to the structure that is placed near the top of the plant.

Among the other peculiarities of this plant, we find an interesting color of the flowers, which varies from blue to violet.

The flowers of the Wisteria develop inside inflorescences that can even reach a length of twenty-five centimeters; moreover, they are characterized by having a rather intense perfume.

Surely, the most suitable period to start cultivating this plant undoubtedly corresponds to the colder seasons, such as autumn and winter, until March, paying the utmost attention to ward off the danger deriving from frosts.


Exposure

This climbing plant is characterized by loving all those typically sunny areas, even if it manages to adapt with good results to partial shade areas.

One of the main dangers for Wisteria derives from late frosts, which it just cannot bear, since it is above all the sprouts that suffer a lot and suffer the most serious damage.

As for the location, it is advisable to place the Wisteria near a wall or, in any case, near structures that face east.


Watering

The watering of Wisteria must remain constant, but never excessive: in particular, they must be concentrated during the period in which the plant takes root.

The flowering phase occurs during the summer season and occurs for about thirty days: the greatest production of flowers is found above all in younger plants.

In the event that the Wisteria plant does not reach flowering, the causes are to be found, in particular, in an excessive use of fertilizer, but also due to pruning that does not respect the correct rules, in addition to the fact of do not expose it in a bright place.


Ground

The best substrate for the cultivation of Wisteria is undoubtedly the one that has typically clayey characteristics, but despite this peculiarity, it is a climber that manages to develop very well in any type of substrate.

It is essential, however, that the soil in which Wisteria is grown meets two main requirements: we are referring to excellent drainage and a large amount of organic substance.

Likewise, it is important to mention the fact that the positioning of these climbing plants is also characterized by the vigor with which the trunk grows: it can often happen that it causes damage to all those structures that are in the vicinity of the plant.

Here is a brief explanation of why it is advisable to place Wisteria plants as far as possible from roof tiles and gutters.


Multiplication

The multiplication of this climber occurs through cuttings, although there is the possibility that it occurs through grafting.

If the first solution is chosen, the ideal period to extract the cuttings is between the final part of July and the beginning of September.

Rooting must take place inside a special container, which must be previously filled with a mixture of peat and sand and then stored at a temperature not lower than sixteen degrees centigrade.

To ensure a more reliable rooting, you can take advantage of the constant water nebulizations to be carried out on the leaves.

As for graft multiplication, however, it will have to take place in March and it is necessary to extract the slips from the plants, and then graft them on the Wisteria sinensis: the next step is to bury them and store them at a temperature between 16 and 18 degrees centigrade.

Wisteria can also be propagated by seed or offshoot, although it is important to underline that the two methods of multiplication previously reported (cutting and grafting) are the most consolidated and most frequent.


Wisteria (Wisteria floribunda): Pests and diseases

Although Wisteria is a plant that has a high level of resistance to any kind of danger, it can happen quite frequently that it is hit by parasites such as aphids and spider mites.

In some cases, moreover, even if it must be said how it happens much more rarely, it can be the object of attacks by thrips, which mainly hit the leaves, causing rather considerable damage.

Among the most important diseases that can affect the Wisteria plant, we also find chlorosis, the main consequence of which is represented by a notable whitening of the leaves.



Familia: LEGUMINOSAE

Denumire populara: Glycine, Wisteria

Denumire indicates:

Se intalnesc frecvent doua specii de Wisteria:

1. Wisteria sinensis (sin. Wistaria sinensis, Wistaria chinensis, Glycine sinensis)
2. Wisteria floribunda

  1. Wisteria sinensis este or native species of China
  2. Wisteria floribunda este or native species of Japonia.

Conditii de crester si ingrijirea plantelor cataratoare de glycine-wisteria:

  • speciiile de Wisteria sunt rezistra la ger
  • Wisteria soluryl pre-sphere reavene, fertile, use. Wisteria nu suporta solurile calcaroase
  • speciile de Wisteria sunt iubitoare de lumina
  • plantele cataratoare de Wisteria se tund „taie” pentru modelarea formei. Tunderea se face in martie (first date) yes in august (se vor scurta lastarii puternic dezvoltati).

Ornamental properties:

- Speciile de Wisteria sunt decorative prin flori, forma si aspectul frunzisului, port

Wisteria sunt shrubs cataratori sau taratori

1.Wisteria sinensis

  • Wisteria sinensis infloreste primavara (mai-iunie), cu or duration to infloririi de about 20 de zile
  • Florile de Wisteria sinensis sunt parfumate (a discret parfum), albastre-violet, grouped in pendulous „ciorchini” raceme - lungi de pana la 30 cm (florile din raceme au inflorirea aproape simultana). Este or planta melifera (Vezi fig). You would inflorescence in Aprilie-Iunie
  • Fructul de Wisteria sinensis este or pastaie dehiscenta de culoare argintie, are about 10-15 cm long (Vezi fig.)
  • Tulpina de Wisteria sinensis este rasucita (volubila), tulpina de liana (lanta cataratoare).

2. Wisteria floribunda

  • Infloreste in perioada de primavara-vara (aprilie-iunie)
  • Violet floriles, grouped in pendulous raceme - lungi de pana la 50 cm
  • Pastaia este catifelat pubescent.

Plantele de Glicina-Wisteria formeaza pasta makers dehiscent - ce fac zgomot „pocnesc puternic” in momentul eliberarii semintelor.

Glycine-Wisteria if utilizeaza ornamentalthe harness: pergolelor, chioscurilor trunchiurilor arborilor, coloanelor, balcoanelor.

Size, variety, port:

1. Wisteria sinensis

Arbust, shrub cu tulpini fickle, ce poate ajunge la inaltimi de pana la 20 meters.

Varieties-cultivars:

♦ Wisteria sinensis „alba” - variety cu flori dawns.

2. Wisteria floribunda

Arbust, shrub cu tulpini fickle, ce poate ajunge la inaltimi de pana la 8 meters.

Varieties-cultivars:

Wisteria floribunda 'Lawrence'.

  • Wisteriaif inmulteste prin samanta- semanata catre finele lunii aprilie. Plantele inmultite prin samanta infloresc tarziu (dupa 6-7 years)
  • Wisteriaif inmulteste prin butasede radacina, primavara la finele lunii aprilie
  • Wisteriaif inmulteste prin altoire - in despicatura in februarie-martie
  • Wisteriaif inmulteste prin marcotaj serpuit sau arcuit.

Fig. 1 Glycine (Wisteria floribunda)

Fig. 2 Glycine (Wisteria floribunda), florists

Fig. 3 Glycine (Wisteria sinensis), fructificatii - pastai

Fig. 4 Glycine (Wisteria sinensis), A-fructificatii - pastai & B-samanta

Fig. 5 Glycine (Wisteria sinensis), samanta

Fig. 6 Glycine (Wisteria sinensis), liana-planta cataratoare

Fig. 7 Glycine (Wisteria sinensis), liana-planta cataratoare

Fig. 8 Glycine (Wisteria sinensis), flora

Fig. 9 Glycine (Wisteria floribunda), florists

Fig. 10 Glycine (Wisteria floribunda), florists

Fig. 11 Glycine (Wisteria spp.), pergola

Fig. 12 Glycine (Wisteria floribunda 'Lawrence')

Fig. 13 Glycine (Wisteria floribunda)

Fig. 13 Glycine (Wisteria floribunda), plantta melifera - frecventata de albine

Fig. 14 Glycine (Wisteria floribunda), liana inflorita

Partajează auction:

Comentariile sunt închise pentru Glicina - Wisteria: inmultire, ingrijire


Plant and cultivate

robustness: rustic -20 ° C

exposure: sun, partial shade

Soil type: fairly rich soil, not too compact and not calcareous

Soil acidity: from neutral to acid, from ph 6 to 7

Soil moisture: normal

use: trellised on a tree or pergola, or carried in the tree and isolated. notable in bonsai

Planting, in pots: in autumn or spring

Multiplication method: marcots, cuttings, transplants

Format: after flowering, and possibly in winter to limit bulk

Diseases and pests: mosaic virus, aphids, scale insects, red mites, rot, powdery mildew, fungi

Floribunda wisteria it is native to the Japanese forests. Introduced in 1820 to North America for the pleasure garden, it has become an invasive species in some American forests: it changes the natural structure of forests by smothering native trees and changing the brightness available for the herbaceous phase.

Japan wisteria, however, is a great climbing plant to tread on a pergola or fence. Horticulturists have not stopped creating new varieties of this species, bringing new colors or a smaller development of the branches, or lengthening the clusters of flowers. Very close to the point of view of its maintenance of Chinese wisteria, it differs however on some points.

Floribunda wisteria it can rise up to 10 in height, resting on a support: a tree, a pole, a facade. Its branches grow by wrapping this support in the clockwise direction, unlike the Chinese wisteria. The stems thicken and lignify with age, eventually able to form a crooked trunk of 25 cm in diameter.

The flowers appear in long clusters of 50 cm, in May-June, in the midst of leaves already outside. They are less fragrant than those of the Chinese species. The 'Longissima' variety has clusters longer than 1 m.

The length and tiered arrangement of the bunches bring great elegance to the plant. On the contrary, with Chinese glycine, the pea-shaped flowers bloom successively along the cluster starting from the base.

The leaves are composed of 13 to 19 oval leaflets, tapered at the end and wavy edges.


Wisteria Floribunda glicines

the wisteria or glicines is a planta enfiladissa ideal for decorating pèrgoles amb uns raïms de flors de gran bellesa en color blau, blanc or rosat.

Característiques

Reg: regs freqüents a partir de la primavera.

Climate: resistent. Tolera gelades de fins at -15ºC.

Comentaris (9)

All plants from Flores Frescas arrive well packaged and healthy. Wysteria has not flowered yet but is climbing up and up!

Es muy pequeñita, para el precio.

El tamaño es porque en this era están podadas para un mejor crecimiento en spring Saludos

When you enter this planta no estava in stock. Me dieron the option to donate me. Decidí aguardar y la planta llegó when I había dicho que llegaría no demorando mucho. The razón por la cual le doy tres estrellas es porque la planta que recibí parece estar muy joven. Llegó sin hojas y es una vara muy delgada que si sobrevive goes to tomar mucho tiempo para llegar a madurez y a florecer. Pensé que por € 25 iría a recibir una planta más madura.

Hola Las wisterias en invierno son un palo seco y se podan cortas los primeros años para que se haga una buena planta, de ahí el tamaño Saludos

Llegaron rápido, bien protegidas y las plantas en muy buen estado. Estoy is happy to buy it. Repetiré.


Wisteria, the flower of friendship

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Video: Wisteria floribunda Japanese Wisteria


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