A flower such as Aubrieta is also called aubretia. It is related to the genus of creeping evergreen herbaceous flowering plants, which are perennials and belong to the cabbage family. This genus unites about 12 species. Such a flower is cultivated in rock gardens, as well as in all European countries as a garden plant. Under natural conditions, Aubriet is found in Italy, in Asia Minor, in the southern part of France, as well as in South America, where it prefers to grow on the banks of rivers and rocks. The Latin name was given to the plant in honor of the Frenchman Claude Aubrie, who was an artist and worked in the genre of botanical illustration. In Russia, such a flower is called a windbag. During flowering, this plant looks like a spectacular solid carpet. This flower has one feature, its beautiful leaves do not fade even in winter.
Small alternate leaf plates have pubescence, as well as obovate or elliptical in shape. Their edge is serrated or solid. Small-flowered racemose inflorescences consist of small four-petal flowers with a centimeter diameter and purple, blue, purple or pink-red color. Flowering is abundant and lasts from the second half of spring to early summer. If you provide proper and good care, then in the autumn, the aubriet can bloom again. The fruit looks like a pod, which contains flat brown seeds.
The following will describe how to properly plant, grow and propagate such a flower. And also how to protect against harmful insects and diseases.
Awesome perennial - Aubrieta. Flowering, care and breeding methods.
It is quite easy to propagate this plant by seeds, while it can be grown both through seedlings and in a non-seedling way. But if the sowing of seeds is carried out directly into open soil in September or May, then as a result this can lead to the splitting of varieties. In this regard, experts recommend growing aubriet exclusively through seedlings. The flowering of such a plant grown from seeds can be observed only in the second year of life. Aubriet seeds are sold in all specialty stores.
Sowing is carried out in the last days of February, approximately 8-10 weeks before the start of heat. Seeds of such a flower are sown immediately in separate pots. To do this, you can use peat-humus pots or peat tablets, planting seedlings in open ground is carried out directly in these containers. To begin with, moisten the substrate of the pot or tablets, and then put 2 or 3 seeds on its surface. Sprinkle them on top with a thin (0.3-0.5 cm) layer of sand. Moisten the sand with a fine spray gun, and then place the containers under glass or film. The best air temperature for crops is 18-21 degrees.
It is very easy to care for the seedlings. So, they need to arrange ventilation every day, and also water them when necessary. The first seedlings can be seen after 20-30 days, after which the shelter must be removed completely. It is necessary to water the plant very carefully, because the seedlings react extremely negatively to an excessively moist substrate. In the event that the seedlings are weak, and their development is slow, it is recommended to fertilize with a complex mineral fertilizer half a month before planting in open soil, while the concentration of the solution should be weak.
Aubriet's flowers. Growing through seedlings.
Aubrieta reacts extremely negatively to transplanting, in this regard, when growing through seedlings, picking is not performed. That is why it is recommended to sow the seeds of this plant in separate containers (for more details, see above).
It is recommended to plant these flowers in open ground only after the threat of frost has passed, and as a rule, this time falls on the second half of May. For planting, choose a site carefully. When choosing a site, it should be borne in mind that for the abundant and incredibly spectacular flowering of the Aubriets, it needs the maximum possible amount of direct rays of the sun. When choosing a soil, it should be borne in mind that such flowers grow and develop the better, the poorer the soil on the site. So, this plant grows well between concrete slabs and stone steps. However, it should be remembered that the soil needs a loose, well-permeable water, and its composition should include a small amount of peat or ash. It is also best if the soil is neutral or slightly alkaline pH 6.0-7.0.
A flower such as aubrieta is considered by gardeners to be very plastic. In this regard, it can be planted exactly as you would like, while you can create a rock garden or a flower bed of any shape. The depth of the planting hole depends on the length of the seedling roots, while its width should be 2 times the width of the pot in which the aubriet grows. When planting, it should be borne in mind that the distance between the bushes should be at least 5 centimeters. In the event that your flower grew in a container made of ceramics or plastic, then immediately before planting the pot must be completely immersed in water. Wait until air bubbles begin to emerge from the soil. After that, carefully remove the plant along with the earthy clod and place it in the prepared hole. When the plant is planted, the soil will need to be tamped, and its surface should be sprinkled with mulch (five centimeter layer of sand), and then gently watered.
It is very easy to take care of your shaved and it will not take much of your time. After the flowers are mature, they need to be watered only when the dry period is long enough. In the same case, if you often and in large quantities water the Aubriet in the usual summer weather, then you run the risk of provoking a rapid growth of greenery, while the flowering will be relatively scarce. Young specimens should be watered more often than older ones, but in this case, you should be quite careful. Watering is recommended using sprinkler irrigation. After the shavings are watered or the rain has passed, the surface of the soil must be loosened, and all the weeds must be pulled out.
During the period of active growth of the plant, it is recommended to sprinkle the surface of the site with mulch 2 or 3 times. For this, sand is used, while the layer thickness should be from 3 to 5 centimeters. Aubrieta is fed with a solution of complete mineral fertilizer for perennial flowering plants. In this case, feeding is carried out in the spring before flowering begins, as well as in the fall.
After blooming in the springtime, the aubretia should be cut off almost to the level of the soil surface. In this case, the active growth of young stems with leaves of a rich color will begin. Against the background of aubriets, other flowering plants will simply look great. After some time, it will bloom again.
Planting and growing aubretia is quite simple, the main thing is not to forget the basic rules of caring for it. It can be propagated very easily by cuttings and by seed. How to grow such a flower through seedlings is described above. However, gardeners with a lot of experience sow aubrieta directly into open soil. Before sowing the seeds, the soil must be prepared. To do this, it is dug to a depth of 15 centimeters, removes all stones and weeds are removed and complex fertilizer, chalk (lime) and wood ash are applied, and then moistened. The seeds should be placed directly on the surface of the ground, and they should not be sown too thickly. It is not necessary to deepen them, just pour a layer of sand on top of the seeds, the thickness of which should be from 3 to 5 centimeters. Then the crops must be watered very carefully with a watering can. If the sowing was done in the spring, then the first seedlings will appear in 1.5–3 weeks, and if in September, then only when the next spring period comes.
It is also quite simple to propagate this plant by cuttings. In the middle of the summer period, this flower is pruned, after which you will have a large amount of planting material. As cuttings, you can use cut shoots that have no flowers. They need to be planted in a greenhouse in a mixture of sand and peat (1: 1). At the end of summer, the rooting of the cuttings should end, and they can be planted in a permanent place in the open ground. Before the onset of winter cold, young plants take root well and become strong. In the event that very severe frosts are observed in your area in winter, or there is little snow at this time of the year, then the cuttings can not be planted in open ground, but leave them in a greenhouse until spring.
Also, the flower can be propagated by dividing the bush. It is best to carry out this procedure in spring or autumn. Aubrieta does not tolerate such reproduction very well, which is done quite simply. To do this, you need to dig out a bush and divide it into several parts, while each division should have roots and well-developed stems. After that, the delenki are planted in separate holes. But at the same time, it should be borne in mind that all your efforts may be completely in vain, and the transplanted by this method may well die. Therefore, experienced gardeners prefer to resort to seed propagation or cuttings.
Aubrieta has a relatively high resistance to various diseases and harmful insects, therefore it is quite easy to care for it. In some cases, the plant can become infected with powdery mildew, while a whitish bloom appears on the leaf plates and flowers. Such a disease belongs to fungal, and as it develops, this plaque acquires a brown color. A bush infected with such a disease loses its spectacular appearance, and its growth becomes slower. The affected parts of the flower turn black and die off, while the bush itself becomes much less winter-hardy. To cure powdery mildew, you can use colloidal sulfur, and you need to follow the instructions on the package of the product.
Aphids are the most dangerous of all harmful insects for the aphid. It is a sucking insect that uses plant sap as food. Aphids are the spread of dangerous viral diseases. You can get rid of such harmful insects with the help of Karbofos, Biotlin, Fufanon or Arrivo. Depending on the degree of infestation of the bushes, 1–4 treatments may be required.
In general, such a flower, which prefers to grow between stones, rarely gets sick.
When propagating such a flower with seeds collected on your own, you need to remember that they may not preserve all the varietal characteristics of the parent plant. However, if you still want to collect the seeds, then when the aubriet blooms in the spring, it is necessary to leave 2 or 3 stems with ovaries during cutting. Wait until the seeds are dark and carefully trim the pods. Hull them, and bring the seeds indoors and ripen. These seeds can be sown before winter in the same way as described above.
After spring flowering, experts advise to cut off all the stems of this plant. However, after the end of the second flowering, this does not need to be done. The stems and flowers should be left for the whole winter, and they will need to be cut only with the onset of spring. These perennial flowers tolerate winter very well without shelter. But it should be borne in mind that if the winter is too harsh and with little snow, then the aubriet may well die, in this regard, experienced flower growers recommend covering the flowers with a layer of dry foliage or covering with spruce branches.
There are 12 natural types of obriety, some of which are grown by gardeners. It is quite rare to meet in mid-latitude gardens such species as: white aubrieta, Croatian aubrieta, graceful aubrieta, Kolumka aubriet. However, there are types that are more popular, and they will be discussed below.
The height of this herbaceous perennial plant can reach 15 centimeters. Deltoid greenish-gray leaf plates have 1 or 2 denticles at each edge. Loose racemose inflorescences consist of small flowers (diameter about 10 millimeters), which are painted in lilac or blue-purple color. Aubrieta begins to bloom in May. The duration of its flowering is slightly more than 4 weeks. This species has been cultivated since 1710; it is popularly called the "lilac bush". He has a variety of Bougainvillea, the height of its bush reaches 20 centimeters, the flowers are painted in lavender, while the center has an orange color. Thanks to breeders, a cultural type of aubriet was born, which is the most popular among gardeners, while they took deltoid aubriet as a basis.
This group of plants, which do not exceed 20 centimeters in height, are capable of overwintering under a snow cover. Small leaves are oblong and serrated at the edge. The diameter of purple or lilac flowers reaches 1 centimeter. Today, various varieties of this species can have semi-double, double and simple flowers. They can be easily propagated by seed. There are varieties that can be grown in pots at home, and there are also varieties that are suitable for cutting.
The most popular varieties of Aubriet cultural:
Also, gardeners are happy to cultivate such varieties of obriety as: Carnival, Doctor Mules, Don, Gloriosa, Wanda, Blue King, Queen, Royal Keskade, Triumfant, etc.
Gaillardia belongs to the Astrov family and is also known as Gaillardia or Gaillardia. The plant is named after the scientist and philanthropist Gaillard de Charentono, who patronizes the development of botany.
This bright, cheerful flower with golden petals and a red core, repeating the shape of a chamomile, was brought to us from the central and southern parts of America, where it still grows.
Gaillardia is a perennial plant with powerful horizontal roots and straight branching herbaceous stems that form a bush. On the shoots are elongated, lanceolate, with a jagged edge, leaves. Flowers are collected in an inflorescence basket with one or more rows of large ligulate marginal petals and are painted in bright yellow-red tones. The flowers are odorless.
Gaillardia is distinguished by long flowering. It looks very impressive and harmonious in combination with other flowering and deciduous plants, unpretentious and therefore widely used for decorative purposes. Some species are grown for cutting.
Types of shaving differ from each other, the structure of the fruit, as well as the length of its pistil.
One main advantage of this plant is that it hibernates with leaves. Very good in early spring, its graceful bluish curtains. The foliage retains its color even after severe frosts.
This name combines hybrid forms and varieties that differ in color of flowers.
Aubrieta cultural forms beautiful gray curtains about 20 cm high, which winter under the snow cover. The foliage is small, oblong, with jagged edges. Flowers 1 cm in diameter, lilac, purple. The whole plant is decorative during flowering, when the foliage is not visible due to the large number of flowers. Aubrieta cultivar blooms in May for about 35 days.
Modern cultivars of the cultivated obriety have large, sometimes semi-double or double flowers. It reproduces well with shaved seeds. In some species, the height of the stems allows growing aubriet in containers and sometimes for cutting. But there are also small-flowered cultivars. Famous varieties:
('Argenteo-variegata') 'Argenteo-variegata'... Purple flowers, foliage with a white border and white spots.
('Aureo-variegata') 'Aureo-variegata... Lavender flowers, foliage with yellow spots.
('Barkers Double') 'Barkers Double'. Pink terry dense bush.
('Borschys White') 'Borschys White'. The only cultivar with large white flowers.
(Gurgedyke ') A favorite of flower growers with large dark purple flowers.
('Doctor Mules') 'Doctor Mules'... Popular variety, about 15 cm tall, with charming blue-violet flowers.
'Quinn' Cherry red flowers.
('Royal Cascade') 'Royal Cascade'... The flowers are pale pink on hanging stems.
The homeland is the Balkans, Asia Minor, Greece.
Perennial plant 15 cm tall. The foliage is gray-green, deltoid with several teeth on each side. The flowers are purple-blue or lilac 1 cm in diameter, collected in a racemose inflorescence.
Flowering begins in May and lasts 30 days. Bears fruit. All hybrid or varietal aubriets originated from this species. They are distinguished by dissected foliage and multi-flowered inflorescences that rise above the foliage.
Aubrieta deltoid has a variety of Bougainvillea - a plant 20 cm in height, flowers 1 cm in diameter, purple with an orange center.
One of the most beautiful views. Height is about 10 cm. Stems are open, weak, thin, create a cover and small hummocks. The foliage is graceful, narrow-lanceolate, whole. The flowers are small, the calyx is saccular.
Plant height 12 cm. The foliage is spatulate, sparsely pubescent. Pistil with ovary of equal length. The flowers are large, pale purple.
These flowers can only be grown from seeds - in a seedling and non-seedling way. In order to achieve an earlier flowering, many people prefer to sow seeds for seedlings in advance.
From the beginning of the growing season to flowering, clarkia takes about 2 months. With this in mind, you need to plan the time of sowing seeds for seedlings. To get flowers in early summer, sowing is best done no later than the first half of March. In some cases, it is shifted to the end of February. Seedlings are planted in open ground when the soil warms up well so that there is a minimum risk of bacterial root diseases. The best period for this is the second half of May. In the southern regions, you can do this earlier.
Seedlings can be grown in peat cups or in ordinary boxes. Young plants are not afraid of transplants. Can be sown in special pots, which, together with adult flowers, will be taken out into the garden or open veranda.
Clarke soil should be loose and nutritious with a slightly acidic reaction. If it is heavy, the flower will not be able to develop normally. The best option for a plant is a substrate of equal parts of leafy soil, peat, sand, rotted humus. To prevent the development of fungal and bacterial infections in the culture in the future, it is recommended to steam the soil or bake it in the oven before use.
Before sowing, it is recommended to hold the seeds in a solution of potassium permanganate for some time. This is necessary not only for disinfection, but also so that pests do not spoil them. Fill the container with soil, level it. Sprinkle seeds on top. Slightly deepen them into the ground by 1.5-2 cm, sprinkle with warm water from a spray bottle. Cover with glass or foil on top, create a mini greenhouse. Move the "bed" to a warm place, shelter from direct sunlight. The room must be well ventilated and dry.
Seedlings will appear in 1.5-2 weeks. After germinating the seeds, the glass or film can be removed, and the box can be moved to a brighter place. Seedlings need to be watered regularly, but not abundantly. The soil should always remain slightly moist. Seedlings can be sprayed with water. Clarkia grows well at a temperature of + 25-27 degrees. When the growth of the seedlings reaches 15 cm, it can be pinched. So it will become more branched and powerful. But some hybrids do not dive, they do not tolerate transplanting well. In such cases, the plants are carefully thinned out so as not to injure neighboring seedlings.
Planting seedlings should be planned as early as possible. It is recommended to prepare the site for transplantation 2 weeks before the procedure. Dig up the soil and make top dressing with potassium sulfate and superphosphate (1.5 tablespoons per 1 square meter), peat. If the soil is acidic, sprinkle it with dolomite flour on top, if it is alkaline, pour it with citric acid solution.
It is better to transplant seedlings in groups of seedlings together with an earthen clod. The distance between each group should be about 20-40 cm. Do not bury the root necks. They should be level with the soil surface. Next to the flowers, strengthen the supports on which the growing stems will curl.