Spices and herbs travel the world with culinary professionals, trade companies and food lovers. One of the biggest benefits of herbal spices is their versatility. They not only give the dish an additional flavor, but also have a beneficial effect on health. Hazelnut is the spicy queen of baking.
Hazelnut grass has other names - sat, cyperus. However, the most popular reflects the main characteristic feature of the plant - a rich nutty flavor. A spicy herbal spice not only sets off the taste of muffins, meat and vegetable dishes, but is also successfully used in cosmetology and medicine.
The light-loving and thermophilic plant prefers moist places and sandy soils. The natural location for the growth of feed is the countries of Central Asia, Central Africa and South America. In Russia, the herb is widespread in the Caucasus and Kuban.
There are a lot of varieties of walnut grass - more than 600 species. Among them are the edible food and the papyrus papyrus, from which papyrus was made in ancient times.
Depending on the climatic characteristics of the region, the height of the grass ranges from 15 to 30 cm. The roots of the plant are collected in a neat tuber, they are powerful and well developed. The stems are slender but strong. Umbrella inflorescence consists of rays of different lengths, perianths are absent, flowers of both sexes.
The leaves are located at the base and may be higher than the inflorescence. The spikelet is even and long, narrow, sharp, dirty red in color. During the season, only one very small fruit appears on the grass, similar to a triangular nut of steel color.
Cyperus propagates by seeds, cuttings and dividing the bush.
An unremarkable plant that is often mistaken for an ordinary weed, it has a rich chemical composition. It is the variety of useful substances that determine the various useful properties of the feed. Cyperus' unique chemical composition includes:
The syrup has antibacterial, analgesic, insecticidal and anthelmintic properties. The diaphoretic and antipyretic properties help to cope with fever. Cyperus oil is used to kill bacterial and fungal strains. Also, the herb has soothing and pain-relieving effects that allow you to overcome insomnia and depression, relieve menstrual pain. Hazelnut herb is often used in the treatment of gynecological problems.
Tsiperus helps to cope with various gastrointestinal problems, in particular gastritis, ulcers, dysentery.
Hazelnut herb is a powerful aphrodisiac, increasing libido and stimulating blood flow to the genitals.
For medicinal and culinary purposes, the herb tubers are harvested. You can collect feed at any time, but it is recommended to do this in early autumn or spring. To preserve all the useful properties, it is necessary to properly dry the raw material. To do this, the tubers must be carefully dug up, removed from soil residues and rinsed well under running water.
After cleaning, the grass is laid out on cloth or paper sheets in one layer. Drying should be done in a shady, warm place (eg under a canopy) or in a well-ventilated dry area.
In a city apartment, you can dry the grass in the oven at 50 ° C for at least 5 hours. Do not close the oven door.
The finished product is crushed and stored in glass or tin containers. The shelf life is 2 years.
The rich chemical composition of nut grass has been used for a long time. Healing oils and decoctions were not only prepared from the feed, but they were regularly eaten for preventive purposes.
Cyperus is a powerful immunomodulator. Regular use of herbal decoctions and tinctures increases the body's resistance, improves metabolism. Antioxidants slow down the aging process of the body and have a preventive effect on the formation of malignant neoplasms.
The anti-inflammatory and expectorant effect of cyperus helps to overcome diseases of the respiratory system, colds and respiratory viral infections. Diaphoretic and diuretic effects help neutralize fever and lower fever, as well as improve metabolic processes.
Minerals not only promote blood production and treat anemia, but also help to cope with gastritis, ulcers, dysbiosis, colic and Escherichia coli. Walnut herb stimulates the processes of strengthening the intestinal walls and the process of high-quality and fast digestion of food by the stomach.
Tsiperus effectively copes with stagnation of menstrual blood, inflammation of the lining of the uterus. The broth helps to normalize the menstrual cycle, and douching with tincture helps to eliminate thrush.
The anti-inflammatory and wound healing effect of the plant is often used to treat skin pathologies, eczema and psoriasis. The oil promotes healing of wounds, resorption of scars, neutralization of fungal infections.
This video shows a culinary master class in making puff bread using aromatic seasoning.
In the Caucasian republics, nut grass is one of the most popular spices. Also, not only medicinal decoctions are prepared from raw food, but also culinary drinks.
In Dagestan and Chechnya, the most popular national dough dishes are prepared using herbs. It is added to the dough for khinkal, flat cakes and wonderful flaky bread. As a seasoning, cyperus is added to hot meat dishes and vegetable stews.
Recently, warm salads have also become more popular, in which a little nut grass is also added, which gives a spicy shade to the warm components.
A wonderful hot drink similar to cocoa is prepared from roasted tubers of nut grass. It can be a great healthy coffee substitute. In Spain, the national drink horchata is prepared from cyperus. It is very easy to prepare and has a specific pleasant taste.
However, you should be careful when using nut grass. It has a number of contraindications and can harm your health:
The original spice is worth trying when preparing food. However, one should not forget about the possible harm to the body, so it is better to use walnut herb in small doses and infrequently.
Wasabi is a seasoning known as Japanese horseradish that is widely used in Eastern countries to spice up a dish. In fact, this is a dried, grated root of the plant of the same name in the Cabbage family. "Japanese horseradish" is grown in cold water of mountain rivers, in a vegetable garden or on the shore near water bodies. The cultivation of the plant began in the 20th century.
Wasabi grown on the shore has a richer taste and is more appreciated than its "water" counterpart.
Place of birth - Asia and the Far East. Wasabi is cultivated in Korea, New Zealand, Taiwan, USA, China, and the Japanese province of Izu.
The seasoning is similar in sharpness to mustard. Interestingly, wasabi stimulates the nasal passages (olfactory receptors) rather than the tongue (taste). No appetizer, first or second course in Japanese cuisine is complete without this seasoning. To soften the taste, it is mixed with soy sauce.
Wasabi is an essential ingredient for making sushi and rolls. Seasoning is applied to the rice in a thin layer. "Japanese horseradish" is best served with seafood and fish dishes. Wasabi and tuna are a perfect combination that emphasizes the taste of each other. In stores, the seasoning is presented in powder and pasty forms.
The upper part of the stem with flowers is mowed during intensive flowering, then dried on a darkish area. In addition, the testes are harvested along with the seeds from which the oil is obtained.
For a long time, marigold flowers have been a symbol of health and prosperity. There is one custom that confirms the benefits of marigolds. On honey spas, the bouquets are illuminated and stored until the next flowering.
Dill is rich in B vitamins (they relieve skin and hair problems, strengthen the nervous system, help cope with insomnia and bad mood), vitamin A (good for eyes and skin) and vitamin C (protects the body from infections).
For pain in the stomach and intestines, dyspepsia, the following recipe is recommended: dill fruit - 10.0 g, coriander fruit - 10.0 g, chamomile flowers - 20.0 g, mint leaf - 20.0 g, rhizomes with valerian roots - 20 , 0 g. Two teaspoons of the herbal mixture are brewed with a glass of boiling water and taken in a glass in the morning and in the evening warm.
Dill seeds are used for the prevention of kidney disease (to prepare the infusion, 1 tbsp. A spoonful of crushed seeds, pour a glass of boiling water, leave for 10-15 minutes and take 1 tbsp. Spoon 3-4 times a day).
Lotions made from infusion of dill seeds are a good remedy against acne and other inflammatory skin diseases.
And of course, dill is a great seasoning for vegetables, meat and fish. Dill in marinades is especially good. However, dill can not only be added to the blanks, but also canned separately. To do this, the chopped greens are mixed with salt and vinegar and closed in a sterilized container.
But remember: do not combine dill with other spices. Too strong a dill smell will simply overwhelm the aromas of other herbs.
A decoction for the treatment of colds is prepared from crushed rhizomes, it is dried in advance and crushed into powder. 1 tbsp. l. dry product is mixed with hot water in a volume of 200 ml. The resulting composition is simmered over low heat for 7-10 minutes, then cooled for 40-60 minutes. Next, the liquid must be filtered. You can give the medicine twice a day, 70-100 ml.
To prepare an oil that will help heal stretch marks and scars, it is enough to take the powder and any vegetable oil in a 1 × 1 ratio. The ingredients are well mixed, kept at room temperature for 24 hours, then lesions on the skin are treated with this mixture.
To reduce pain in the stomach, you can prepare a decoction from the fresh roots of the herb. For 1 glass of boiling water, you will need 1 tbsp. l. rhizomes, cut into small pieces. The ingredients are combined, kept for 1 hour, then the liquid is poured into a separate container and diluted with boiled water to a volume of 500 ml. During the period of treatment, the drug is taken in 3 tbsp. l. after meal.
Like any plant, feeding has contraindications that you need to be aware of. You should not use the herb during pregnancy, you can carefully add spice to food for people who have kidney or liver disease. Some components of the plant can cause an allergic reaction.
Syt round (Cyperus rotundus L., walnut grass) is a sedge plant, perennial rhizome, 10-35 cm high, with tuberous thickenings on the roots. Blooms in April - May.
Grows in sandy places, on wet river banks, cotton and rice fields. Under natural conditions, it grows on clayey and damp solonetzic soils, as a weed, develops especially well on an alluvial "cultural layer" of irrigated crops.
Found in the Caucasus, Crimea, Kuban, Central Asia, the Mediterranean.
Fatty oil contains wax (2.7%), glycerin, acids (linoleic, linolenic, oleic, stearic). The tubers contain a camphor-scented essential oil (0.5%), consisting of alpha-cinerone, cinerene, isocinerol, cinerotundene, sugenol, cigetriol, cinerolone, cobuzan, isocobusan, pinene, cineole, isocymerol and sesquiterpene.
For use, the tubers are harvested in autumn or early spring.
Advice: For the drying of the roots to be of high quality, you need to cut the washed, then peeled rhizomes and roots into strips or slices, lay them on baking sheets or sheets of plywood covered with clean paper or canvas, and wither slightly in the sun or over a stove. After that, the rhizomes must be dried in an oven or oven for 5-7 hours at a temperature of about 50-60 ° C. Ensure free circulation of air during drying.
The dried roots must be cooled, placed in dark glass tin or glass jars and stored in a dry and dark place. Shelf life - up to a year.
Ibn Sina used the plant as a diuretic, wound healing agent, for weakness of the bladder, kidney, stomach, and liver diseases. Traditional medicine of Central Asia used the infusion of tubers as a diaphoretic, diuretic, and sometimes as a sleeping pill for children. The infusion is also used for gastritis, fever, and in a mixture with other medications, the plant is recommended for heart neuroses.
It is one of the most important plants for healing female diseases, since it relieves menstrual pain, eliminates premenstrual blood congestion and fluid accumulation, one of the most powerful means of regulating menstruation and premenstrual syndrome, that is, depression and irritability. Reduces uterine contractions, has an analgesic effect, stimulates sexual activity, increases urinary and sweating, has an insecticidal and anthelmintic effect.
The essential oil has an antibacterial effect against coccal bacteria.
Round rhizomes are an effective stimulant of digestion. Improves absorption in the small intestine and thus stops diarrhea, while helping to eliminate intestinal parasites.Due to these properties, it can be used for candidiasis and yeast infections of the gastrointestinal tract. Also useful in chronic fevers and to improve digestion in gastritis. It is used in the treatment of badkan ("phlegm") diseases.
In the folk medicine of Central Asia, an aqueous infusion of root tubers is used for stomach diseases and as a diaphoretic and diuretic.
• General method. 1 tablespoon of chopped fresh root tubers, infuse for 1 hour in 1 glass of boiling water, drain. Take 1-2 tablespoons 3-4 times a day.
• Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Infusion of root tubers. 1 tablespoon of fresh chopped tubers pour 1 glass of boiling water, leave for 1 hour, drain. Take 1/3 cup 2-3 glasses 2-3 times a day.
• Diaphoretic and diuretic, for digestive disorders and dysentery.
Broth preparation: 1 tbsp. l. feed tubers on 250 ml of water boil for 15 minutes, insist for 2 hours. Take 50 ml 4 times a day.
Note... A high diuretic effect was found in the round in the experiment (on rats). It increases urine output by 48% in comparison with the control, but has some toxic effect.
Nodules are used as a spice mainly in the Caucasus.
Walnut grass (its dried greens) is often used in the national cuisine of Dagestan when preparing puff khinkal and baking bread.
1 glass of kefir
1/3 teaspoon baking soda
½ glass of water
Not very steep dough is kneaded and left for 15-20 minutes. Divided into two parts, each is rolled out 1 cm thick, greased with melted butter, sprinkled with nut grass, rolled up and cut into pieces.
Khinkal is usually cooked with lamb, but, like any rule, there are exceptions.
Take the chicken, cut it into small pieces and lightly fry in a small amount of oil, add one medium potato in small pieces, add salt, be sure to pepper, add water to cover it all, and cook until tender.
If you are cooking with lamb, boil the broth from 1 kg of meat, salt, pepper, strain.
Put the prepared puff rolls in a double boiler and cook for 40-45 minutes. Put ready-made khinkalki in portioned plates, pour broth with meat or chicken separately into bowls, season with tomato brine (stewed tomatoes, a spoonful of tomato paste, 2-3 cloves of crushed garlic).
Due to its burning properties, wasabi root is used in the spa industry to wrap the body and cleanse the skin. The plant extract penetrates deeply through the dermis and helps to defeat the worst enemy of women - cellulite. The active substance isothiocyanate, which is part of wasabi, in combination with ascorbic acid, potassium and calcium, fights free radicals that accelerate the aging of the body. As a result, the tissues are saturated with oxygen, blood circulation is stimulated, and the youth of the cells is prolonged.
The wasabi wrap removes the "orange peel" from the skin, relieves vasospasm, and soothes painful sensations in the joints. Rosemary essential oil is added to the burning green mixture to nourish the dermis.
To cleanse the skin of dead cells, use a wasabi scrub. The procedure not only removes keratinized particles, but also makes the dermis smooth and even. To soften the action of the main component, shea butter, Japanese tree and jojoba butter are introduced into the scrub.
In addition, manufacturers add wasabi extract to deodorants (to neutralize bacteria that cause unpleasant odors), shampoos (to strengthen the hair follicles and stimulate hair growth), body masks (to increase blood circulation and burn fat), nail foams (to bleaching plate).
Doctors advise to use drugs based on helba for a course of no longer than 5-6 weeks, then take a break for 1-2 months.
After prescribing shambhala as an additional drug in combination with traditional drugs, most patients show positive dynamics in the course of chronic diseases, symptoms of acute lesions of internal organs, inflammatory processes disappear.
Women taking drugs containing fenugreek extract report relief from PMS, hair growth and strengthening, weight loss and decreased appetite. Reviews of men confirm the properties of the plant to increase potency and physical endurance.
Fenugreek had the fame of a miraculous plant even among the healers of Ancient India, Egypt, Greece and China. Today, traditional medicine recognizes the benefits of Shambhala: the unique chemical composition and effective action put Helba on a par with pharmaceuticals.